Spondylitis Management with Physiotherapy


Spondylitis is a group of inflammatory conditions that affect the spine, causing pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility. While these conditions can be challenging to live with, understanding their causes, symptoms, and management options can empower individuals to better cope with and manage spondylitis.

There are several types of spondylitis:

  • Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS): AS is a chronic inflammatory disease that primarily affects the spine and sacroiliac joints. It often leads to the fusion of spinal vertebrae, causing stiffness and reduced mobility.
  • Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA): Psoriatic arthritis can affect the spine and joints, and it’s often seen in individuals with psoriasis, a skin condition characterized by red, scaly patches.
  • Reactive Arthritis: This type of spondylitis develops in response to infections in other parts of the body and can affect the spine, joints, eyes, and urinary tract.

Symptoms of Spondylitis:

  • Back pain: Persistent, dull, or sharp pain in the back or neck.
  • Stiffness: Difficulty bending or turning, especially in the morning.
  • Reduced range of motion: Difficulty moving the spine or affected joints.
  • Fatigue: Feeling tired or drained due to chronic pain and inflammation.
  • Eye problems: Inflammation in the eyes, particularly in AS.

Causes and Risk Factors:

  • Genetics: A family history of spondylitis increases the risk.
  • Infections: Reactive arthritis often follows bacterial infections.
  • Autoimmune factors: The immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissues, leading to inflammation.
  • Environmental triggers: Smoking and certain infections can trigger spondylitis in susceptible individuals.

How does Physiotherapy help in Spondylitis:

Pain Management:

  • Physiotherapists use a variety of techniques to manage pain associated with spondylitis. These may include manual therapy, heat therapy, cold therapy, and electrotherapy(such as TENS – transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation).

Improving Range of Motion:

  • Spondylitis often leads to stiffness in the spine and other affected joints. Physiotherapists design specific exercises and stretches to increase the range of motion and flexibility in these areas.

Strengthening Muscles:

  • Weak muscles around the spine and affected joints can exacerbate pain and instability. Physiotherapy includes exercises to strengthen the core and back muscles, providing better support for the spine.


Spondylitis can be a challenging condition, but with early diagnosis and a well-structured treatment plan, individuals can manage their symptoms effectively. By understanding the types, symptoms, causes, and management options for spondylitis, those affected can work towards a better quality of life, reduced pain, and improved mobility. Always consult a healthcare professional for a personalized treatment plan tailored to your specific needs.

Are still worried about the Treatment?

 A team of Physiotherapists in Alexa Clinic under the guidance of Dr. Shipra Kumari, Chief Physiotherapist and certified Aquatic Therapist (IATF Switzerland). Alexa Clinic is a super-specialty physiotherapy and aquatic therapy clinic first of its kind opened in Kolkata in the in the year 2019. With many accolades and recognition Alexa Clinic has treated more than 10,000 patients suffering from various illnesses.





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