Stronger Back: Physiotherapy’s Role in Recovery

Back Pain

Back pain is a prevalent and often debilitating condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It can range from mild discomfort to excruciating pain, impacting daily activities and overall quality of life. Understanding the root causes of back pain, undergoing proper assessment, and seeking expert advice are crucial steps in managing and preventing this common ailment.

Root Causes of Back Pain

  • Muscular Strain: One of the most common causes of back pain is the strain on the muscles and ligaments that support the spine. This can result from lifting heavy objects, sudden movements, or poor posture.
  • Spinal Disc Problems: Intervertebral discs act as shock absorbers between vertebrae. They can degenerate, herniate, or bulge, putting pressure on nearby nerves, leading to back pain
  • Osteoarthritis: This age-related condition causes the breakdown of cartilage in the spine’s facet joints, leading to inflammation and pain.

Assessment of Back Pain

When experiencing back pain, it is essential to undergo a comprehensive assessment to determine its cause and severity. Here are some common steps involved in the assessment

  • Medical History: A healthcare professional will inquire about your medical history, including past injuries, chronic conditions, and family history of back problems.
  • Physical Examination: A thorough physical examination, including range-of-motion tests, muscle strength evaluation, and reflex tests, will help pinpoint the affected area

Advice for Back Pain Management

  • Maintain Good Posture: Practice proper posture while sitting, standing, and lifting objects. Avoid slouching and use ergonomic furniture when possible.
  • Exercise Regularly: Engage in low-impact exercises like swimming, walking, or yoga to strengthen the back muscles and improve flexibility.
  • Lift with Care: When lifting heavy objects, use your legs instead of your back, and avoid twisting while lifting.


Physiotherapy, also known as physical therapy, is a branch of healthcare that aims to help people regain and improve their physical function and mobility after an injury, illness, or disability. Physiotherapists, or physical therapists, are trained healthcare professionals who use a variety of techniques and exercises to promote healing, reduce pain, and restore movement and functionality.


  • Pain Relief: Physiotherapists use various techniques, such as manual therapy, heat/cold therapy, and electrical stimulation, to reduce pain and inflammation in the affected area.
  • Strengthening Muscles: Physiotherapists prescribe targeted exercises to strengthen the muscles supporting the spine. Stronger muscles can better support the spine and reduce stress on the affected area.
  • Posture Correction: Poor posture is a common contributor to back pain. Physiotherapy educates patients about proper body mechanics and helps them develop better posture habits, which can alleviate pain and prevent future issues.

Aqua Therapy

Aquatic therapy, also known as aqua therapy or hydrotherapy, is a specialized form of physical therapy that takes place in a pool or other water-based environment. It involves performing exercises and movements in warm water to aid in rehabilitation, recovery, and pain management.


  • Reduced Impact: Aquatic therapy is low-impact, which minimizes stress on joints, bones, and connective tissues. This is especially advantageous for individuals recovering from injuries or surgeries, as well as those with chronic pain or limited weight-bearing abilities.
  • Improved Range of Motion: The warmth of the water and the support it provides help relax muscles and increase joint flexibility, making it easier to perform exercises and improve range of motion.
  • Balance and Coordination: Performing exercises in water challenges balance and coordination due to the water’s constantly changing surface. This helps individuals improve their balance and stability.


Back pain is a prevalent condition with various underlying causes. Understanding the root factors, undergoing a proper assessment, and following expert advice are crucial steps to manage and prevent back pain. Remember to consult a healthcare professional for a personalized treatment plan tailored to your specific needs.

Are you still Concerned about your Back Pain?

A team of Physiotherapists in Alexa Clinic under the guidance of Dr. Shipra Kumari, Chief Physiotherapist and certified Aquatic Therapist (IATF Switzerland). Alexa Clinic is a super-specialty physiotherapy and aquatic therapy clinic first of its kind opened in Kolkata in the

in the year 2019. With many accolades and recognition Alexa Clinic has treated more than 10,000 patients suffering from various illnesses.

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